North American Cicadas


   


The cicada portion of Singing Insects of North America is edited by Dr. Thomas E. Moore, Curator, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Insect Division.

Songs of North American cicadas
The songs of more than 100 species of North American cicadas will soon be accessible from the List of Species by clicking on the icon after the name of the species where it appears in the List. Thus far, 10 have been posted.

Links to pages of special interest
Periodical cicadas
     Periodical Cicada Page, University of Michigan
     Detailed distributions of periodical cicada broods and species

Cicadas of northern Florida
     List of commonly heard species (with .wav files of their songs)
     Seasonal occurrence of cicadas in Alachua County, Florida

General
     Cicada Central, University of Connecticut
     Cicada Mania, Dan Century
     Cicadas of Michigan, University of Michigan


References
Alexander RD, and TE Moore. 1958. Studies on the acoustical behavior of seventeen-year cicadas. Ohio Journal of Science 38(2): 107–127. [9333 KB] (two halftones scanned separately and added at end of file).

Alexander RD, and TE Moore. 1962. The evolutionary relationships of 17-year and 13-year cicadas, and three new species (Homoptera, Cicadidae, Magicicada). Miscellaneous Publications 121, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. 59 pp. [18565 KB]

Beamer RH. 1928. Studies on the biology of Kansas Cicadidae. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 18: 155–263. [23805 KB]

Davis WT. 1915a. Notes on some cicadas from the eastern and central United States with a description of a new variety of Cicada pruinosa. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 23: 1–10. [6916 KB]

Davis WT. 1915b. New species of cicadas from California and Utah. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 23: 11–21. [2208 KB]

Davis WT. 1915c. A new variety of cicada resembling C. dorsata. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 23: 161–164. [1295 KB]

Davis WT. 1915d. A new cicada from Arizona. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 23: 239–241. [1510 KB]

Davis WT. 1916a. Notes on cicadas from the United States with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 24: 42–65. [7550 KB]

Davis WT. 1916b. Two new cicadas belonging to the genus Okanagana. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 24: 233–236. [1855 KB]

Davis WT. 1917a. Two new cicadas from Lower California, Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 25: 6–10. [1525 KB]

Davis WT. 1917b. Sonoran cicadas collected by Harry H. Knight, Dr. Joseph Bequaert and others, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 25: 203–215. [2150 KB]

Davis WT. 1918. Mississippi cicadas, with a key to the species of the southeastern United States. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 26: 141–155. [3623 KB]

Davis WT. 1919a. Cicadas of the genus Cacama, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 27: 68–79. [3511 KB]

Davis WT. 1919b. Cicadas of the genera Okanagana, Tibicinoides and Okanagodes, with descriptions of several new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 27: 179–223. [5541 KB]

Davis WT. 1919c. A new cicada of the genus Melampsalta. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 27: 340–341. [242 KB]

Davis WT. 1920. North American cicadas belonging to the genera Platypedia and Melampsalta. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 28: 95–135. [5634 KB]

Davis WT. 1921a. Records of cicadas from North America with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 29: 1–16. [3529 KB]

Davis WT. 1921b. An annotated list of the cicadas of Colorado with description of a new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 29: 43–57. [2915 KB]

Davis WT. 1922. An annotated list of the cicadas of Virginia with description of a new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 30: 36–52. [2639 KB]

Davis WT. 1923. Notes on North American cicadas with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 31: 1–15. [3036 KB]

Davis WT. 1925. Cicada tibicen, a South American species, with records and descriptions of North American cicadas. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 33: 35–51. [4121 KB]

Davis WT. 1926. New cicadas from California and Arizona with notes on several other species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 34: 177–196. [5743 KB]

Davis WT. 1927. New cicadas from the western United States with notes on several other species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 35: 373–389. [5970 KB]

Davis WT. 1928a. The cicadas of Porto Rico with a description of a new genus and species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 36: 29–35. [1748 KB]

Davis WT. 1928b. Cicadas belonging to the genus Diceroprocta with descriptions of a new genus and species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 36: 439–457. [12479 KB]

Davis WT. 1930. The distribution of cicadas in the United States with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 38: 53–73. [6888 KB]

Davis WT. 1932. Additional records of North American cicadas with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 40: 241–265. [10445 KB]

Davis WT. 1934. New cicadas from North America. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 42: 37–63. [7292 KB]

Davis WT. 1935a. New cicadas with notes on North American and West Indian species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 43: 173–199. [6824 KB]

Davis WT. 1935b. Six new cicadas from the western United States. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 43: 299–311. [2441 KB]

Davis WT. 1936. A remarkable cicada from Mexico and other North American species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 44: 101–123. [4590 KB]

Davis WT. 1938. New North American cicadas with notes on described species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 46: 291–311. [12479 KB]

Davis WT. 1939a. Cicadas collected in the Cayman Islands by the Oxford University biological expedition of 1938. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 47: 207–213. [2472 KB]

Davis WT. 1939b. New cicadas from North America and the West Indies. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 47: 287–302. [3329 KB]

Davis WT. 1941. New cicadas from North America with notes. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 49: 85–99. [4103 KB]

Davis WT. 1942. Notes on cicadas with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 50: 169–187. [4787 KB]

Davis WT. 1943. Two ways of song communication among our North American cicadas. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 51: 185–190. [516 KB]

Davis WT. 1944. The remarkable distribution of an American cicada: a new genus, and other cicada notes. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 52: 213–223. [2472 KB]

Distant WL. 1906. A synonymic catalogue of Homoptera. Part I. Cicadidae. London: Trustees of the British Museum.
     pp. 1–59 [4232 KB]
     pp. 60–125 [5745 KB]
     pp. 126–188 [6725 KB]
     index, pp. 189–207 [2060 KB]

Drew WA, FL Spangler, and D Molnar. 1974. Oklahoma Cicadidae (Homoptera). Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 54: 90–97. [4398 KB]

Froeschner RC. 1952. A synopsis of the Cicadidae of Missouri (Homoptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 60: 1–13. [1244 KB]

Gossard HA. 1914. The periodical cicada or seventeen-year locust. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, circular 142: 41–47.

Hyatt, JD. 1896. Cicada septendecim its mouth parts and terminal armor. American Monthly Microscopical Journal 17(2): 45–51.

Marlatt CL. 1907. The periodical cicada. USDA Bureau of Entomology Bulletin 71: 1–181. [37062 KB] (plates and certain halftones were scanned as higher quality images and added at the end of the scanned article)
This bulletin was reprinted in 1923 without revision but with slight changes in pagination, which caused the last page to be 183 rather than 181. Title page and table of contents of 1923 printing.

Marshall DC, JR Cooley, RD Alexander, and TE Moore. 1996. New records of Michigan Cicadidae (Homoptera), with notes on the use of songs to monitor range changes. Great Lakes Entomologist 29: 165–169. [665 KB]

Moore TE. 1966. The cicadas of Michigan (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 51: 75–96. [4338 KB]

Moore TD. 1993. Acoustic signals and speciation in cicadas (Insecta: Homoptera: Cicadidae). In: Lees DR, Edwards D, editors. Evolutionary patterns and processes. Linnean Society Symposium Series no. 14. London: Academic Press. p. 269–284. [3571 KB]

Myers JG. 1929. Insect singers: a natural history of the cicada. London: George Routledge and Sons.
     Front matter, table of contents, list of illustrations, pp. i–xix. [865 KB]
     Chapters 1–3: Introduction, cicadas in mythology, art, and literature, pp. 1–39. [3744 KB]
     Chapters 4–6: Internal and external structures, sound organs, pp. 40–79. [2959 KB]
     Chapters 7–11: Classification, evolution, life histories, distribution, pp. 80–146. [6793 KB]
     Chapters 12–17: Relations of cicadas with plants, invertebrates, vertebrates, humans, pp. 147–194. [4674 KB]
     Chapters 18–21: Cicada sensations, behavior, song patterns, and collection/preservation, pp. 195–236. [4057 KB]
     Bibliography, pp. 237–285. [5051 KB]
     Index, pp. 287–304. [1373 KB]
     Plates 1–7. [12386 KB]

Snodgrass RE. 1921. The seventeen-year locust. In: Smithsonian Institution Annual Report for 1919. Publ. 2607. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, p. 381–409.

Van Duzee EP. 1915. A preliminary review of the West Coast Cicadidae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 23: 21–44. [2012 KB]

Van Duzee EP. 1916. Family Cicadidae. In: Van Duzee, EP. Check list of the Hempitera (excepting the Aphididae, Aleurodidae and Coccidae) of America, north of Mexico. New York: New York Entomological Society, p. 55–57. [304 KB]

Woodworth, CW. 1888. Synopsis of North American Cicadidae. Psyche 5: 67–68. [131 KB]

Wootton, R. 1971. The evolution of Cicadoidea (Homoptera). Proceedings, XIII International Congress of Enomology, Moscow (1968) 1: 318–319. [1639 KB]